The time has come when technology driven system will help India overcome the hunger.When agriculture is paying a heavy cost and undergoing a tough time in India, researchers and scientist are trying their level best to transform the system involved in farming and make agriculture sustainable.
As a signatory to the historic Millennium Development Goals adopted at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in September 2000, India is committed to end hunger.
However, India reduced the proportion of hungry people by about 35% as against 26% [half of what it was in 1990] and still India had 190 million hungry people. India still remains home to one quarter of world’s undernourished population, over a third of world’s underweight children and nearly a third of world’s food-insecure people.
Not getting enough food or not getting the right kind of food causes malnutrition. India continues to have one of every three malnourished children in the world. An indicator for chronic malnutrition is stunting, wherein an individual has low height for his/her age. Almost half of the children in India under the age of five are stunted. Deficiencies in essential nutrients are unacceptably high across income levels in India.
Small and marginal farmers owning less than two hectare constitute 85.9% of the total. Though small farmers are efficient in production their increasing number and shrinking farm size raises questions about their economic viability, sustainability and producing marketable surplus.
Disadvantages they face are economies of scale and inadequate access to technology, production inputs, institutional credit, insurance and marketing services. Small farmers are concentrated in rain-fed areas and cultivate crops under a high risk environment, often confronted by frequent droughts, floods and soil erosion.