Advanced and high yielding varieties of sugarcane has resulted in higher productivity for the farmers and they can also increase their income by growing oilseeds, pulses, potatoes, and cucumber with cane, Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister Radha Mohan Singh said while addressing a conference on “100 years of Excellence In Sugarcane Research: Variety 205 to variety 0238” in New Delhi today.
He said that species 0238 and 0118 have become the first choice of sugar mills in north India. The sugarcane farmers are reaping higher yield from the species 0238 and sugar mills are getting more sugar.
Singh informed the gathering that with the help of Sir Dr Venkatraman, for the first time, hybrid clone variety 205 (Saccharum officinarum and Saccharum spontaneum) was developed for sub-tropical climate, which was launched in 1918 for commercial farming. The hybrid clone led to 50 percent increase in sugarcane production in North India and popular species like Saccharum Barberi and Saccharum Sinensis were left far behind.
The Minister said that after developing species 205, Sugarcane Breeding Institute at Karnal developed several other hybrid clones for sub-tropical condition and they remained sought after for a long time. After that, the institute developed species 312, first amazing cane variety for the subtropical climate in 1928 and in 1933, it developed species 419 for tropical climate.
Singh said during three years of Modi government, a significant increase in sugarcane yield and sugar recoveries have been witnessed in the northern states after expansion of species 0238 in the region. In the last season, 0238 was cultivated in 36 percent cane area in Uttar Pradesh, 63 percent in Punjab, 39 percent in Haryana, 17 percent in Uttarakhand and 16 percent in Bihar.
He said species 0238 and 0118 have become the first choice of sugar mills in north India. The sugarcane farmers are reaping higher yield from the species 0238 and sugar mills are getting more sugar. Sugarcane farmers can make the best of intercropping technique and increase their income by growing oilseeds, pulses, potatoes, and cucumber with cane.