Policy

SECC to make rural programmes efficient and speedy

Socio-Economic and Caste Census would enable MoRD to introduce focussed and targeted intervention in rural development programmes
SECC to make rural programmes efficient and speedy

Centre has asked all states to complete the entire exercise of the Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) initiated by the Ministry of Rural Development ( MoRD) by August 15 this year. The SECC would enable the Government to introduce much needed ‘focussed and targeted intervention’ in poverty reduction and rural development programmes as it is based on information furnished by the households.
So far out of 640 districts in the country, 617 districts have published the draft list and 175 districts have even published the final list after dealing with claims and objections.

“MoRD is following up with the States and 442 District Administrations to expedite publication of the final list. We have set August 15, 2015 for completion of the Census and those states-districts fail in this will get the allocation only after they complete the exercise,’ a senior official said.

“A development plan at gram panchayat level based on SECC would enable convergence of resources, funds and government’s intervention for preparing and implementing gram panchayat plan for speedy and targeted poverty reduction,” he added.

“The National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) will use the SECC data to undertake planning for poverty free Panchayats involving PRIs and Self Help Groups from poor households,” the official said.

Recently Union Rural Development Minister Birender Singh reviewed the entire exercise of the SECC. He emphasised that the exercise must be expeditiously concluded by taking all necessary steps, before 15th August 2015 so that the data can be used for planning in the programmes of the Ministry and other Ministries too, while providing the benefits of government development programmes to Gram Panchayats and rural and urban poor households.

The SECC enables the Government in ranking households based on authentic information on the socio economic conditions of households. The data and information on households have been obtained through interactive and comprehensive door to door enumeration of households across the country. This is the first time that such a comprehensive exercise is being carried out for both rural and urban India.

It has been decided by the Ministry to mandatorily use SECC data in all MoRD Programmes. Directions have been issued to the concerned department to incorporate suitable modifications in guidelines of schemes keeping in view the SECC data and that a system of regular data up-dation should be developed so that household wise progress could be mapped and households needing developmental and social support are tracked over the years.

The SECC data uses National Population Register’s (NPR) Temporary Identification Number (TIN) for identification of households. The same is to be used in all Rural Development programmes to enable better convergence and tracking over time.

Special emphasis would be laid on ensuring that data of SECC be made available on time in public domain and all other Departments would be encouraged to make use of it.

“Panchayats across the country will be in a position to improve civic amenities and the quality of life of rural population in the next five years,” Singh said, while inaugurating the second International Conference on Deepening Democracy (ICODD) organised by the Kerala government recently.

“This is the right moment for all village panchayats in India to make plans for local development, utilising the resources over which they have full command such as grants from the 14th Finance Commission, State Finance Commission, MGNREGS and the panchayat’s own resources,” he added.

 

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BK Jha is the Special Correspondent of Rural & Marketing. Prior to this he has been associated with The Hindustan Times, Political and Business Daily along with many other media organisations.
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