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Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) makes way for new technologies

Since the inception of green and new technologies in May 2013 till July 13, 2022, 73,792 km fo rural road length has been constructed using these technologies
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) makes way for new technologies
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) makes way for new technologies (Representational image: Shutterstock)

Under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), firm steps have been taken to ensure resource efficiency through different interventions. The use of new and green technologies is one such intervention which has resulted not only in savings of carbon footprint but also in savings of fuel. New and green technologies economize the construction cost of road as well as disposal of different industrial as well as municipal waste effectively, which not only saves the environment but conserves use of virgin mining materials effectively. Also, it enhances the execution capacity and reduces the construction period, Union Minister of State for Rural Development, Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti said in a written reply in the Lok Sabha on Tuesday.

In order to promote cost-effective and fast construction technologies in the construction of rural roads, using new materials, waste materials, locally available materials, NRIDA (National Rural Infrastructure Development Agency) issued ‘Guidelines on Technology Initiatives’, in May 2013. The states were asked to propose at least 15 per cent of the length of annual proposals using any of the new technologies or materials. This initiative has helped introduce more than 40 technologies including waste plastics, cold mix technology, cell-filled concrete, stabilisation using cement and lime, nanotechnology and full-depth reclamation (FDR). Further, the vision document on New Technology Initiatives, 2022 has been launched in May 2022, which prescribes enhanced use of new technologies and materials in the construction of PMGSY roads, the minister of state for rural development further informed the parliament.

Since the inception of green and new technologies in May 2013 till July 13, 2022, 117,095 km of road length has been sanctioned for construction using new and green technologies, out of which 73,792 km of road length has been constructed.

The journey of PMGSY

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana-I (PMGSY-I) was launched (in the year 2000) as a one-time special intervention to provide rural connectivity, by way of a single all-weather road, to the eligible unconnected habitations of designated population size (500+ in plain areas and 250+ in north-eastern states, Himalayan states, Himalayan union territories and certain other backward and tribal areas as per 2001 census) in the core network for uplifting the socio-economic condition of the rural population. In the critical left-wing extremism (LWE) affected blocks (as identified by Ministry of Home Affairs), additional relaxation has been given to connect habitations with population 100 persons and above as per 2001 census. Since inception till July 13, 2022, 645,566 km road length has been sanctioned and 617,013 km completed under PMGSY-I, the minister said on the inception of PMGSY.

PMGSY-II

As the programme unfolded, a need was felt for consolidation of the existing rural road network to improve its efficiency not only as a provider of transportation services, but also as a vehicle of social and economic development. Accordingly, in the year 2013, PMGSY-II was launched for the upgradation of selected through routes and major rural links (MRLs) with a target to upgrade 50,000 km in various states and union territories. Since inception till July 13, 2022, 49,880 km road length has been sanctioned and 47,559 km completed under PMGSY-II.

Subsequently, in 2016, Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism Affected Areas (RCPLWEA) for construction and upgradation of strategically important roads was launched as a separate vertical under PMGSY. Since inception till July 13, 2022, 12,081 km road length has been sanctioned and 6,179 km completed under RCPLWEA.

PMGSY-III

The Government of India had approved the PMGSY III programme in 2019, which mainly focuses on the consolidation of 125,000 km of existing through routes and major rural links that connect habitations, inter-alia, to Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs), higher secondary schools and hospitals. Since inception till July 13, 2022, 86,039 km road length has been sanctioned and 41,440 km completed under PMGSY-III.

Overall, since inception till July 13, 2022, 793,567 km road length has been sanctioned under all the interventions and verticals of PMGSY, against which 712,190 km has been constructed.

Read more: Everything you need to know about digitisation of gram panchayats

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