Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched PM Matsya Sampada Yojana, e-Gopala App and several initiatives linked to studies and research in fisheries production, dairy, animal husbandry and agriculture in Bihar through video conferencing today.
Speaking on the occasion, PM said the motive behind all these schemes launched today is to empower our villages and make India self-reliant (Aatmanirbhar Bharat) in the 21st Century.
PM said, the e-Gopala app launched today will be an online digital medium that will help the farmers to choose better quality livestock and get freedom from middlemen. This app will give all the information related to cattle care, from productivity, to its health and diet. He added when this work is completed, inserting the animal Aadhaar number in the e-GOPALA app will give all the information related to that animal easily. This will make it easier for cattle owners to buy and sell animals.
The Prime Minister said it is necessary to adopt scientific methods and build modern infrastructure in the villages to develop sectors like agriculture, animal husbandry and fisheries rapidly. Bihar has been an important centre for education and research related to agriculture.
The Prime Minister said the Matsya Sampada Yojana is also being launched with the same motive. He said it is being launched in 21 states of the country with an investment of Rs 20,000 crore which would be spent in the next 4-5 years. Out of this, projects worth Rs 1,700 crore are being launched today.
Under this scheme, he said that many facilities have been inaugurated in Patna, Purnia, Sitamarhi, Madhepura, Kishanganj and Samastipur.
The Prime Minister said the scheme provides for new infrastructure, modern equipment and access to new markets to the fish producers, along with increased opportunities for through farming as well as other means.
He said this is the first time after independence, that such a major scheme has been launched in the country for the fisheries sector.
Modi said keeping in mind the importance of the sector and in order to exclusively deal with various issues concerning fisheries a separate ministry has been created in the Government of India. This will facilitate our fishermen and colleagues related to fish farming and sale.
The goal is also to double fish exports in the coming 3-4 years. This will create millions of new employment opportunities only in the fisheries sector.
PM said that much of the fish farming depends on the availability of clear water and the Mission Clean Ganga will further help. He added the fisheries sector is also set to benefit from the work being done on river transport in the areas around Ganga river. The mission Dolphin announced on August 15 this year will also have its impact on the fisheries sector.
He added that Mission Gokul is underway to develop better indigenous breeds in the country. A countrywide artificial insemination programme was started a year ago, Phase-1 has been completed today.
The Prime Minister said Bihar is now becoming a major centre for the development of quality indigenous breeds. Bihar is going to be strengthened in the dairy sector due to the modern facilities built in Purnia, Patna and Barauni under the National Gokul Mission today. The centre built in Purnia is one of the largest centres in India. This will greatly benefit not only Bihar but a large part of eastern India. He added that this centre will also give a further boost to the development and conservation of indigenous breeds of Bihar like ‘Bachhaur’ and ‘Red Purnia’.
The Prime Minister said that usually a cow gives birth to one child in a year. But with the help of IVF (In vitro fertilization) technology, many calves are possible in a year. Our goal is to reach every village with this technology. He said that along with the good breed of animals, the correct scientific information about their care is also equally important.
He said that very few people know that Pusa Institute in Delhi refers to Pusa town near Samastipur in Bihar. During the time of colonial rule itself, a national level Agricultural Research Centre was set up at Pusa in Samastipur. He praised visionary leaders like Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Jananayak Karpoori Thakur for carrying this tradition forward after independence.
Taking inspiration from these efforts, the Prime Minister said that in 2016 Dr. Rajendra Prasad University of Agriculture was recognised as a Central University. After this, courses were expanded extensively in the university and in the colleges affiliated to it. He said taking this further, a new building of the School of Agri-Business and Rural Management has been inaugurated. In addition, new hostels, stadiums and guest houses have also been laid.