Experiments conducted by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) have shown that ozone pollution can potentially reduce the crop yields. The experiments also suggest that long term use of waste water for irrigation can also reduce crop yields due to higher pest incidence and disturbance in plant metabolism due to heavy metal contents.
Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has taken various measures to prevent air pollution and environmental degradation across the country. The MOEF&CC is also undertaking large scale aforestation and forest development activities, enhancing carbon sequestration for reducing air pollution and addressing the issues of climate change.
In order to curb crop residue burning which causes air pollution, the Government has finalized National Policy for Management of Crop Residues (NPMCR) – 2014. The policy envisages adoption of technical measures, including diversified uses of crop residue, capacity building and training along with formulation of suitable law and legislation. The above policy also envisages extending central financial assistance for various interventions proposed by States.