The oil marketing companies (OMCs) – Bharat Petroleum Corporation (BPCL), Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL) and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation (HPCL) have entered into a long-term purchase agreement (LTPA) for upcoming dedicated ethanol plants across India. The first set of tripartite-cum-escrow agreement (TPA) was signed among OMCs, project proponents and banks of the respective ethanol plant projects in the presence of Sandeep Poundrik, Principal Secretary, Department of Industries, Govt. of Bihar; Ashwani Bhatia, MD, State Bank of India and Sukhmal Jain, Executive Director I/C – Marketing Corporate, BPCL.
State Bank of India, Indian Overseas Bank and Indian Bank are three banks who are involved in this tripartite agreement with OMCs and project proponents. The agreement is designed to ensure that payment received by ethanol plants is utilised for servicing the finance extended by these banks. As per the agreement, ethanol produced by these dedicated ethanol plants shall be sold to OMCs for blending with petrol as per Govt of India’s Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) programme. Payment towards supply of ethanol shall be credited to escrow account maintained with the financing bank to ensure servicing of loan as per schedule. TPAs were signed with Micromax Biofuels, Bihar; Eastern India Biofuels, Bihar; Muzaffarpur Biofuels, Bihar; KP Biofuels, Madhya Pradesh and Visag Biofuels, Madhya Pradesh.
In the ethanol supply year 2021-22, India achieved 9.90 per cent ethanol blending, consuming 186 crore litre of ethanol, saving over 9,000 crores of foreign exchange. However, the Government has advanced the target of achieving 20 per cent blended ethanol by 2025, which is commonly known as E20 target. The major challenge is the deficit of ethanol to achieve this target. As per E20 scenario, the country requires 1,016 crore litres of ethanol to achieve the target in 2025-26. But, there is a deficit of approx. 650 crore of ethanol as per the current availability. These five projects are likely to contribute to around 23 crore litres of ethanol per annum.
Ethanol blended petrol gives a cleaner environment as it produces 38 per cent lesser carbon dioxide emission, as well as, supports rural economy with investment in rural areas and employment generation.
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