President of India, Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated the National Exhibition of Innovations at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi today. A total of 41 innovative technologies including seven from students are being showcased at the exhibition.
The President also interacted with innovators who joined from different parts of the country. The exhibition will last to 13th March, 2014 for the public. These innovators were mostly scouted by the volunteers of Honey Bee Network and incubated by National Innovation Foundation-India (NIF).
One of the centres of attraction is the fridge made by Mansukh Bhai of Rajkot in Gujarat. He has developed a fridge from soil ferment. This fridge does not need electricity and keeps cool all the commodities kept inside. This fridge works on the theory of vaporisation of water. Similarly he has innovated a frying pan and pressure cooker from soil. As he claims, this pressure cooker does not burn the nutrients as traditional cookers do due to high amount of pressure and temperature.
He had invented that fridge in 2001 and has so far sold 18,000, which cost around Rs 3,400 each, 25,000 pressure cookers which cost around Rs 500 each.
Manihar Sharma from Manipur’s capital, Imphal has made silk reeling machine which needs a 12V DC motor and runs on solar energy. He has sold around 30,000 of these machines in last two years.
Ravindra Chopade of Mumbai has developed a golden embossing machine. This machine does not need any kinds of blocks and dies for golden printing in comparison to traditional ones. It saves hassles and work on the principles of a common computer connected printer. An operator can easily take golden prints, used for various purposes like marriage or visiting cards, from a computer.
As one of the distinctive innovation cluster, seven variants of motor cycle driven plough and other farm equipment have been showcased in a separate pavilion. Using the chassis, drive and power of a motorcycle in front, the innovators reduced the speed, increased the torque to attach various farm implements to a multi-purpose tool bar.
Later, in several derivative innovations, other innovators created new chassis and developed different modifications to suit location specific needs. How ploughing, sowing crops, weeding, spraying is done by farmers who can’t afford tractor and can’t keep bullocks due to fodder shortage is brought out in this cluster of derivative innovations.
Many other users and innovators are allowed to copy this technology and make the modifications according to their requirements. This has led to the evolution of the concept of ‘Technology Commons’ implying no restrictions for other self-employed innovators and users to copy and adapt. But commercial firms will need license from members of the ‘Technology Commons’.
These innovations have been selected after a rigorous screening at different levels. All the entries were subjected to technical and prior art search to ascertain the novelty/distinction and/or cost effectiveness. NIF has supported most of them for validation of their claims, value addition in them and product development besides dissemination. The patents for all the technologies were filed in the name of grassroots and student innovators.