Under National Health Mission (NHM), the provision of healthcare to children particularly in rural areas is given priority attention. Speaking in the Rajya Sabha today, Union Health Minister JP Nadda provided the details of the rural healthcare interventions under NHM.
Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) entitles all pregnant women delivering in public health institutions to absolutely free and no expense delivery including Caesarean section. The initiative stipulates free drugs, diagnostics, blood and diet, besides free transport from home to institution, between facilities in case of a referral and drop back home. Similar entitlements have been put in place for all sick infants accessing public health institutions for treatment till one year of age.
Facility Based Newborn Care (FBNC) at different levels to reduce newborn morbidity and mortality by setting up of facilities for care of sick and small newborn such as Special New Born Care Units (SNCUs), Newborn Stabilisation Units (NBSUs) and Newborn Care Corners (NBCCs) at different levels is a thrust area under NHM.
Home Based New Born Care (HBNC) through Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA) has been initiated to improve newborn practices at the community level and early detection and referral of sick newborn babies.
Integrated Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea (IAPPD) launched in four states – Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Rajasthan – with highest child mortality.
Management of severe acute malnutrition in children is being done at Nutritional Rehabilitation Centres (NRCs) which have been established across the country.
Appropriate Infant and Young Child Feeding practices are being promoted in convergence with Ministry of Woman and Child Development.
Village Health and Nutrition Days (VHNDs) are organised for imparting nutritional counselling to mothers and to improve child care practices.
Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) for health screening and early intervention services has been launched to provide comprehensive care to all the children in the age group of 0-18 years in the community. The purpose of these services is to improve the overall quality of life of children through early detection of birth defects, diseases, deficiencies, development delays including disability.
To sharpen the focus on vulnerable and marginalised populations in underserved areas, 184 High Priority Districts have been identified across the country for accelerating implementation of Reproductive Maternal Newborn Child Health+ Adolescent (RMNCH+A) interventions for achieving improved maternal and child health outcomes.