Agriculture has been the prime profession to the nation.Its not a recent discover, its an ancestral occupation the farmers are yielding crops and feeding the nation.Its said nearly 68 percent of India is rural, and the main focus has always been agriculture.
Likewise among all the major states, Rajasthan has the highest percentage of households (78.4%) into agriculture in rural areas and the second highest MGNREGA card holders in the country. In the report ‘Characteristics of Agricultural Households in India’ released by the Union government, Rajasthan even scores high on landholding by households.
Aimed to study the socio-economic conditions of farmers, the Central government covered 214 villages and surveyed 1,635 households in Rajasthan. The report is based on the survey conducted between January and December 2013. The report said that there are about 78.4% agriculture households in the state among its total rural households. The report estimated that there are 65 lakh such households in Rajasthan, the maximum in the country, followed by Uttar Pradesh (74.8%) and Madhya Pradesh (70.8%).
Among other observations, the report mentioned that Rajasthan has maximum number of households (1.7%) which have a landholding of 10 hectares or more. It is even higher than Punjab where it stands at 1.4%. However, nearly 34% farmers in Rajasthan own land measuring between 0.41 hectare and 1 hectare.
All the landholdings, however, are not in the form of farmlands. Nearly 92% of farmers have homesteads and other land. Only 7.3% farmers have land that is only used for agriculture purpose. "There are huge chunks of fields in rural Rajasthan that are not arable. Either they are used for grazing purpose or for commercial activities. Therefore, the landholdings are high but the actual farmlands are less in the state," said Nagendra Khangarot, an agriculture expert.