The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), under its National Dairy Plan (NDP) I, has implemented Ration Balancing Programme (RBP) across the country and under the programme it aims to cover 27 lakh animals in 40, 000 villages with two years.
The NDP I, which was expected to end by this year-end, would be extended for two years to make it a grand success in terms of creating an effective tool to improve milk production at least cost, a senior NDDB official told Rural Marketing.
As of now, the RBP has cover 11 lakh animals in 15,000 villages across the country and the target is likely to be completed within stipulated period, the official said.
The NDDB has developed and implemented the Information Network for Animal Productivity and Health(INAPH) which support the delivery of animal identification, breeding, nutrition, extension and health services at the doorsteps of farmers. According to the official, the INAPH supports the RBP and it has a data library on chemical composition of commonly available feed resources in India and the nutrient requirements based on body weight, milk yield/milk fat, pregnancy status.
Based on the feeding practices, prevailing nutrient status can be seen. As per the availability of feed resources and area specific mineral mixture, a least cost ration is worked out which is then given to the milk producers in local language, added the NDDB official.
The NDDB claims that balanced ration advisory services through INAPH based on data of one and a half lakh cows/buffaloes resulted in increase in net daily income of milk producers between Rs 15-35 per animal, by enhancing daily milk yield and reduction in cost of feeding per litre milk. The NDDB is implementing RBP with the help of dairy cooperatives, service providing organisations and NGOs.
Describing the process at village level, the official said that the NDDB appoints a local resource person (LRP) who visits the milk producers and keeps record of the various observations relation to yield and feed before and after implementation of the RBP and increase in the net daily income per animal. Implementing agencies provide necessary facilities such as a personal digital assistance/notebook loaded with NDDB’s RBS software, a weighing balance, measuring tape and ear tags with applicators, to the LRP.
The RBS is also supported by a mobile application named Pashu Poshan. Launch in July this year the app will recommends a balanced diet for cows and buffaloes.
With all components like identification, health, breeding and nutrition under RBS, INAPH currently covers over 40.87 lakh animals of over 20.23 lakh farmers across more than 21690 villages. Based on the experiences of over 15 lakh transactions, the NDDB said that farmers have been able to save on an average Rs 15-25 per day coupled with increase of about half a litre of milk production per day per animal.