The Government of India is encouraging the production of Nano fertilisers in the country. The Department of Agriculture, Co-operation and Farmers Welfare vide notification No. S.O.884 (E) dated 24th February 2021 had notified for inclusion of any Nano fertilisers in Fertilizer Control Order (FCO) which will necessarily comply with the guidelines stipulated in the notification, Union Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Mansukh Mandaviya in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.
Further, in pursuance of Clause 20D of Fertilizer Control Order (FCO), the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare vide notification no S.O.885 (E) dated 24th February 2021 had notified the specification in respect of “ Nano urea (liquid) fertiliser” to be manufactured by Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative (IFFCO) in India for a period of three years, Mandaviya further informed the lower house of Indian Parliament.
IFFCO has developed nanotechnology based Nano Urea (liquid) fertiliser that aims to address the imbalanced and excessive use of conventional urea. It further aims to improve crop productively, soil health and nutritional quality of the produce, the minister further added.
What is Nano Urea?
The size of one IFFCO nano urea particle is about 30 nanometre (1 nm is one billionth of a meter), and when compare to the conventional urea it has about 10,000 times more surface area to volume size when compare to granular urea. Further, due to ultra-small size and surface properties of nano urea, it gets absorbed by the plants when sprayed on their leaves. Upon penetration these nanoparticles reaches to plant parts where nitrogen is required and release nutrients in a controlled manner.
Nano urea has been tested for biosafety and toxicity as per the guidelines of Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India and international guidelines developed by OECD which are adopted and accepted globally. Nano urea liquid is completely safe for human, animals, birds, rhizosphere organisms and environment at the recommended levels of application.
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