The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has given its approval for promotion of Agricultural Mechanisation for in-situ Management of Crop Residue in the States of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and National Capital Territory of Delhi.
The total outgo from the Central funds would be Rs. 1,151.80 crore in which Rs. 591.65 crore will be spent in 2018-19 and rest of Rs. 560.15 crore will be for 2019-20.
Components of the scheme
As a major component of the scheme, farm machinery banks for custom hiring of in-situ crop residue management machinery will be established. For this, financial assistance at 80 percent of the project cost will be provided to the cooperative societies of the farmers, farmers producer organisations (FPOs), self-help-groups (SHGs), registered farmer societies, farmers groups, private entrepreneurs and group of women farmers.
The Government will provide 50 percent financial assistance to the farmers for procurement of agriculture machinery and equipment for in-situ crop residue management.
Financial assistance will be provided to the State governments, Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), ICAR institutes, Central government institutes, PSU among other stakeholders for the activities to be undertaken towards information, education and communication for awareness on in-situ crop residue management. The activities will involve mass awareness campaigns through short and long videos, documents, radio and TV programmes, demonstration camps at various levels, capacity building programme, advertisement in print media, star campaigning, award for village and gram panchayat for achieving Zero Straw Burning, panel discussions on Doordarshan, DD Kisan and other private channels.
The respective State governments through District Level Executive Committee (DLEC) will identify various beneficiaries and location – specific agricultural equipment depending on the farming system and will identify and select beneficiaries for establishment of farm machinery banks for custom hiring and procurement of machines on individual ownership basis to avail the benefit in transparent and time bound manner.
As per budget 2018-19 announcement, a special scheme to support the efforts of the Governments of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and NCT of Delhi to address air pollution and to subsidise machinery required for in-situ management of crop residue, a new Central scheme with 100 percent Central share in this direction in these states for the period 2018-19 to 2019-20 has been proposed.