Literacy in rural areas was pegged at 71 percent last year, compared to 86 percent in urban areas, while among the age group of seven years and above, male literacy rate was found higher than the female literacy rate, according to NSSO survey released.
Among the age group of seven year and above, the male literacy rate was registered at 83 percent vis-a-vis the female literacy rate of 67 percent, an official statement said.
"Similarly, it was found in the rural areas, nearly 4.5 percent of males and 2.2 percent of females completed education level of graduation and above, while in urban areas 17 percent of males and 13 percent of females completed this level of education," it added.
The details are part of a survey on ‘Social Consumption: Education’ during the National Sample Survey (NSS) 71st Round, January to June 2014, conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
The survey covered entire country with samples taken from 36,479 households in rural areas and 29,447 in urban areas from 4,577 villages and 3,720 urban blocks, it said.
According to its findings, literacy rate among age group of seven years and above in the country was 75 percent. In rural areas, it was 71 percent compared to 86 percent in urban areas.
Adult literacy (age 15 years and above) rate in India was around 71 percent. For adults also, literacy rate in rural areas was lower than that in urban areas. In rural areas, adult literacy rate was 64 percent compared to 84 percent in urban areas.
The proportion of persons having completed higher level of education, say, graduation and above, was more in the urban areas than in the rural areas.
In the rural areas, nearly 4.5 percent of males and 2.2 percent of females completed education level of graduation and above, while in the urban areas 17 percent of males and 13 percent of females completed this level of education.
Average expenditure per student incurred and/or to be incurred during the current academic session was nearly Rs 6,788 for general education, Rs 62,841 for technical/ professional (except vocational) and Rs 27,676 for vocational course.
At primary level, expenditure per student in urban areas was Rs 10,083, more than four times than that in rural areas, pegged at Rs 2,811.
Average expenditure on technical education in private aided and unaided institutions varied between nearly 1.5-2.5 times of that in government institutions.