In order to bring in sustainable and inclusive economic growth in rural India, the Department of Rural Development, Government of India has made an expenditure of Rs.559,932.16 crore since FY2018-19 to February 2022, under various welfare schemes.
Ministry of Rural Development through its multi-pronged strategy strives to address rural poverty and improve the economic well-being of the people in rural areas with the main focus on increasing livelihood opportunities, empowering rural women, providing social safety net, skilling of rural youth, infrastructure development among other related activities through its programmes such as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM), Deen Dayal Upadhyay – Gramin Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY), Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G), Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) and Shyama Prasad Mukherjee National RuRBAN Mission (SPMRM). This is in addition to schemes being implemented by the domain ministries of the government.
Expenditure details of above-mentioned schemes
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
MGNREGS is a demand-driven wage employment programme that provides for the enhancement of livelihood security of the households in rural India by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. Since FY 2018-19, a total of 1,026.24 crore person days have been generated so far.
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM)
DAY-NRLM was launched in June 2011 with the objective to organise the rural poor women into self-help groups (SHGs), to continuously nurture and support them till they attain an appreciable increase in incomes over a period of time and improve their quality of life and come out of abject poverty. The core financial support under the programme is the Revolving Fund (RF) and Community Investment Fund (CIF) provided to SHGs and their federations to facilitate their livelihood activities. DAY-NRLM also has a provision for interest subvention to women SHGs to avail loans upto Rs. 3 lakh from banks at an interest rate of 7 per cent per annum. In select 250 backward districts, an additional subvention is given to reduce the interest rate to 4 per cent if the loan is repaid on time. Since FY 2018-19, a total number of 339.22 lakh households have been mobilised, 31.54 lakh SHGs promoted, a total amount of Rs. 306,007.2 crore of bank loan has been disbursed to SHGs and a total expenditure of Rs. 23,615.02 crore has been incurred under NRLM.
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) and Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs)
DDU-GKY and RSETIs are two skill development programmes for rural poor youth under DAY-NRLM. Both these schemes are aimed at increasing the employability of rural poor youth either for wage or self-employment. Since the FY 2018-19, a total of 564,037 candidates have been trained and 361,206 candidates have been placed under DDU-GKY and under RESTI, a total of 131,7798 candidates have been trained and 966,971 candidates have been settled.
National Social Assistance Programme
National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) is a social welfare scheme for the aged, widows, disabled and in the cases of death of the primary breadwinner belonging to below poverty line (BPL) households. Since FY 2018-19, a total expenditure of Rs 32,253.41 crore has been incurred under NSAP.
Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Grameen
Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Grameen (PMAY-G) is a flagship scheme of the Ministry of Rural Development that aims to provide assistance for the construction of pucca houses to all rural houseless households and households living in kutcha and dilapidated houses. To achieve the objective of ‘Housing For All’, a total target of 2.95 crore households is set under PMAY-G. Since its inception, a total number of 1.75 crore houses has been built under the scheme.
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched in the year 2000 as a measure towards alleviation of poverty in rural areas by providing all-weather road connectivity to eligible unconnected habitations in rural areas. Since inception till March 15, 2022, 782,850 km road length has been sanctioned and 695,351 km road length has been constructed.
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM)
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission is a programme, designed to deliver catalytic interventions to rural areas experiencing rapid growth. The main objectives of SPMRM are to stimulate local economic development, enhance basic services and create well planned Rurban clusters. Clusters are developed by provisioning of basic, economic, social and digital infrastructure facilities covering 21 components under the mission. Since its inception, 299 clusters have been approved under SPMRM against a target of 300 as on today and a total expenditure of Rs.16,265.95 crore (Rs.13,600.41 under convergence expenditure and Rs. 2,665.54 crores under critical gap fund (CGF)) has been incurred.
This information was given by the Union Minister of State for Rural Development Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti in a written reply in Lok Sabha on Tuesday.
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