Policy

Know the numbers of women representatives in Gram Panchayats

According to the Ministry Panchayati Raj, 20 states have made provisions of 50 percent reservation for women in Panchayati Raj Institutions

Know the numbers of women representatives in Gram Panchayats

‘Panchayat’, being “Local government”, is a state subject and part of state list of Seventh Schedule of Constitution of India. Clause (3) of Article 243D of the Constitution ensures participation of women in Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) by mandating not less than one- third reservation for women out of total number of seats to be filled by direct election and number of offices of chairpersons of Panchayats. According to the Ministry Panchayati Raj, 20 states namely Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttarakhand and West Bengal have made provisions of 50 percent reservation for women in Panchayati Raj Institutions in their respective State Panchayati Raj Acts.

Number of women representatives in Panchayati Raj Institutions

State / UTs

Total PRI representatives

Total women representatives in PRIs

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

858

306

Andhra Pradesh

156,050

78,025

Arunachal Pradesh

9,383

3,658

Assam

26,754

14,609

Bihar

136,573

71,046

Chhattisgarh

170,465

93,392

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

147

47

Daman & Diu

192

92

Goa

1,555

571

Gujarat

14,4080

71,988

Haryana

70,035

29,499

Himachal Pradesh

28,723

14,398

Jammu & Kashmir

39,850

13,224

Jharkhand

59,638

30,757

Karnataka

101,954

51,030

Kerala

18,372

9,630

Ladakh

NA

NA

Lakshadweep

110

41

Madhya Pradesh

392,981

196,490

Maharashtra

240,635

128,677

Manipur

1,736

880

Odisha

107,487

56,627

Puducherry

NA

NA

Punjab

100,312

41,922

Rajasthan

126,271

64,802

Sikkim

1153

580

Tamil Nadu

106,450

56,407

Telangana

103,468

52,096

Tripura

6,646

3,006

Uttar Pradesh

913,417

304,538

Uttarakhand

62,796

35,177

West Bengal

59,229

30,458

Total

31,87,320

14,53,973

Source: Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India

In terms of clause (4) of Article 243D of the Constitution, the offices of the chairpersons in the Panchayats at the village or any other level shall be reserved for the scheduled castes, the scheduled tribes and women in such manner as the legislature of a state may, by law, provide, provided that the number of offices of chairpersons reserved for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in the Panchayats at each level in any state shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of such offices in the Panchayats at each level as the population of the scheduled castes or the scheduled tribes in the state bears to the total population of the state, provided further that not less than one-third of the total number of offices of chairpersons in the Panchayats at each level shall be reserved for women.

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