Policy

Know the Numbers of Women Representatives in Gram Panchayats

According to the Ministry Panchayati Raj, 20 states have made provisions of 50 percent reservation for women in Panchayati Raj Institutions

Know the Numbers of Women Representatives in Gram Panchayats

‘Panchayat’, being “Local government”, is a state subject and part of state list of Seventh Schedule of Constitution of India. Clause (3) of Article 243D of the Constitution ensures participation of women in Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) by mandating not less than one- third reservation for women out of total number of seats to be filled by direct election and number of offices of chairpersons of Panchayats. According to the Ministry Panchayati Raj, 20 states namely Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttarakhand and West Bengal have made provisions of 50 percent reservation for women in Panchayati Raj Institutions in their respective State Panchayati Raj Acts.

Number of Women Representatives in Panchayati Raj Institutions

State / UTs Total PRI representatives Total women representatives in PRIs
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 858 306
Andhra Pradesh 156,050 78,025
Arunachal Pradesh 9,383 3,658
Assam 26,754 14,609
Bihar 136,573 71,046
Chhattisgarh 170,465 93,392
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 147 47
Daman & Diu 192 92
Goa 1,555 571
Gujarat 14,4080 71,988
Haryana 70,035 29,499
Himachal Pradesh 28,723 14,398
Jammu & Kashmir 39,850 13,224
Jharkhand 59,638 30,757
Karnataka 101,954 51,030
Kerala 18,372 9,630
Ladakh NA NA
Lakshadweep 110 41
Madhya Pradesh 392,981 196,490
Maharashtra 240,635 128,677
Manipur 1,736 880
Odisha 107,487 56,627
Puducherry NA NA
Punjab 100,312 41,922
Rajasthan 126,271 64,802
Sikkim 1153 580
Tamil Nadu 106,450 56,407
Telangana 103,468 52,096
Tripura 6,646 3,006
Uttar Pradesh 913,417 304,538
Uttarakhand 62,796 35,177
West Bengal 59,229 30,458
Total 31,87,320 14,53,973

Source: Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India

In terms of clause (4) of Article 243D of the Constitution, the offices of the chairpersons in the Panchayats at the village or any other level shall be reserved for the scheduled castes, the scheduled tribes and women in such manner as the legislature of a state may, by law, provide, provided that the number of offices of chairpersons reserved for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in the Panchayats at each level in any state shall bear, as nearly as may be, the same proportion to the total number of such offices in the Panchayats at each level as the population of the scheduled castes or the scheduled tribes in the state bears to the total population of the state, provided further that not less than one-third of the total number of offices of chairpersons in the Panchayats at each level shall be reserved for women.

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