Agriculture

Kharif foodgrain production estimated to decline

The assessment of production of different crops is based on the data provided by the States and validated with information available from other sources

Kharif foodgrain production estimated to decline

As per the First Advance Estimates, released today by the Department of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Government of India, total production of Kharif Foodgrains during 2017-18 is estimated at 134.67 million tonnes. This is lower by 3.86 million tonnes as compared to last year’s Kharif foodgrains production of 138.52 million tonnes (4th Advance Estimates).
 
Total production of Kharif rice is estimated at 94.48 million tonnes. This is lower by 1.91 million tonnes than the last year’s record production of 96.39 million tonnes. However, it is higher by 2.59 million tonnes over the average production of Kharif rice during the last five years.
 
The total production of coarse cereals in the country has decreased to 31.49 million tonnes as compared to 32.71 million tonnes during 2016-17 (4th Advance Estimates). Production of Maize is expected to be 18.73 million tonnes which is marginally lower by 0.52 million tonnes than that of last year’s record production.  The total production of Kharif pulses is estimated at 8.71 million tonnes which is lower by 0.72 million tonnes than the last year’s record production of 9.42 million tonnes.  

The total production of kharif oilseeds in the country is estimated at 20.68 million tonnes as compared to 22.40 million tonnes during 2016-17, a decrease of 1.72 million tonnes.  
Production of Sugarcane is estimated at 337.69 million tonnes which is higher by 30.97 million tonnes than the last year’s production of 306.72 million tonnes. Despite higher area coverage, lower productivity of Cotton has resulted in reduced estimated production of 32.27 million bales (of 170 kg each) as compared to 33.09 million bales during 2016-17. Production of Jute & Mesta estimated at 10.33 million bales (of 180 kg each) is marginally lower than its production of 10.60 million bales during the last year.

As per 1st Advance Estimates, the estimated production of major crops during Kharif 2017-18 is as under:

Foodgrains

 Foodgrains

Estimated production in million tonnes

Rice

94.48

Coarse Cereals 

31.49

Maize 

18.73

Pulses

8.71 

Tur

3.99

Urad

2.53

Total estimated foodgrains production

134.67

 

Oilseeds

Oilseeds

Estimated production in million tonnes

Soyabean

12.22

Groundnut 

6.21

Castorseed 

1.40

Total estimated oilseeds production

20.68 

 

  • Cotton  –  32.27 million bales (of 170 kg each)
  • Jute  & Mesta -10.33 million bales (of 180 kg each)
  • Sugarcane – 337.69 million tonnes

 
The assessment of production of different crops is based on the feedback received from States and validated with information available from other sources.

The cumulative rainfall in the country during the monsoon season, 01st June to 06th September, 2017 has been 05 percent lower than Long Period Average (LPA). Thus, monsoon rainfall conditions have been normal in the country. The estimated production of most of the crops during current Kharif season is estimated to be higher as compared to their normal production of last five years. However, these are preliminary estimates and would undergo revision based on further feedback from the States.

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