It is estimated that India would produce 124.05 million tonnes of foodgrains in the Kharif season 2015-16. It would be 3.78 million tonnes higher than last year’s 120.27 million tonnes as per the first advance estimates, released by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
As per the estimates, the production of Rice in the Kharif season would be 90.61 million tonnes, higher by 2.59 million tonnes than Kharif season 2014-15. It is also slightly higher by 0.98 million tonnes than its 5 years’ average production.
Total production of Kharif Coarse Cereals is estimated at 27.88 million tonnes which is slightly higher by 0.83 million tonnes as compared to production of 27.05 million tonnes of Kharif Coarse Cereals estimated as per first advance estimates for 2014-15. However, it estimates that the production of maize would be 15.51 million tones, marginally lower this year as compared to the 1st advance estimates for 2014-15.
The increase in sowing area under Urad and Moong has led to increase in production of Kharif pulses. It is estimated at 5.56 million tonnes as compared to their production of 5.20 million tonnes as per 1st advance estimates for 2014-15. Amongst pulses, the production of Tur is estimated to decline by 0.13 million tonnes.
The timely rainfall has resulted into increase of sowing area for Soyabean. As per the estimates, production of Kharif oilseeds is 19.89 million tonnes. This is slightly higher by 0.23 million tonnes as compared to the production of 19.66 million tonnes of Kharif oilseeds, estimated last year.
However, the production of some Kharif crops is estimated to be declined than the previous year. The production of Sugarcane is estimated at 341.43 million tonnes, is lower by 1.36 million tonnes than its production estimated for the previous year. The production of cotton estimated at 33.51 million bales (170 kg each) is also lower by 1.12 million bales than its production of 34.62 million bales during 2014-15. The production of Jute estimated at 10.28 million bales (180 kg each) is marginally lower than its last year’s production as per first advance estimates for 2014-15.
The cumulative rainfall during the current monsoon season has been deficient by 15 percent which is higher than rainfall deficit of 12 percent in 2014-15. However, on account of timely onset of monsoon as well as multiple interventions with contingency plans, timely advisories and regular monitoring of seed and fertiliser availability, estimated production of most of the crops during current Kharif season has been higher in comparison to the first advance estimates for 2014-15. These are preliminary estimates and would undergo revision based on further communication received from the States.