Kerala is ranked on top with a ratio of about 735 in terms of actual exports and actual investments through AEZs followed by Rajasthan (59.5), Jammu and Kashmir (32), Punjab (21) and Karnataka (17) in this regard, noted a recent ASSOCHAM study.
“With an export value worth about Rs 2,278 crore, Kerala has acquired third top share of six percent in total net exports value of worth over Rs 38,300 crore terms of states’ actual exports through AEZs,” highlighted a study titled ‘Agri Exports: Issues & concerns,’ conducted by The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM).
While Rajasthan has ranked on top with lion’s share of 72 percent amounting to an export value worth over Rs 27,600 crore followed by Andhra Pradesh (eight percent), Kerala (six percent), Karnataka and Punjab (four percent each).
With a value of about Rs 465 crore, Rajasthan has topped with maximum share of 31 percent in terms of actual investments through AEZs followed by Maharashtra (Rs 374 crore), Andhra Pradesh (Rs 207 crore), Karnataka (Rs 91 crore) and West Bengal (Rs 83 crore), further noted the ASSOCHAM study.
India’s overall agricultural exports are expected to cross $300 billion mark by 2023 as factors like policy stabilization, institutional support, awareness about safety norms, implementation of strict regulations and infrastructure development will catapult the country into a major player in global agricultural market, the study projected.
“India agricultural exports (including tea, coffee and marine products) have grown almost eight times in the last decade i.e. from around $5 billion in 2003 to over $39 billion in 2013 thereby clocking a growth rate of over 21 percent,” noted the ASSOCHAM study.
However the study pointed out that agricultural trade in India is currently challenged by a host of factors inefficient economics of scale, high level of intermediation, wastages, inadequate and inappropriate storage, procurement and distribution infrastructure, poor food safety norms adherence as well as lack of consistency in supply and quality, cost competitiveness due to statutory changes and research for processable grades and trade barriers.
“There is a need to have long term sustainable policy which attracts more investments in agriculture sector and increases private partnerships in rural and remote areas of the country,” said D S Rawat, national secretary general of ASSOCHAM while releasing the findings of the chamber’s study.
“Promotion of agri export zone (AEZ) concept can not only help in achieving the goal of increasing the export earnings, but also provide several benefits like improvement of agricultural output, productivity, quality, reduction in post-harvest losses, up-gradation of technology, farmer’s skills and income, besides it also facilitates development of internationally competitive production base and creation of employment,” said Rawat.