Being driven by a young demographic profile, increasing internet penetration and relative better economic performance, India’s E-Commerce revenue is expected to jump from USD 30 billion in 2016 to USD 120 billion in 2020, growing at an annual rate of 51 per cent, the highest in the world, according to a joint ASSOCHAM-Forrester study paper.
While in terms of base, India may be lower than China and other giants like Japan, the Indian rate of growth is way ahead of others. Against India’s annual expansion of 51 per cent, China’s e-commerce is growing at 18 per cent, Japan 11 per cent and South Korea 10 per cent, according the study.
With annual additions of 25 million internet users, India is ahead of countries like Brazil and Russia even within the BRICS nations. India has an Internet user base of 400 million in 2016 whereas Brazil has 210 million internet users and Russia has 130 million of internet user.
Interestingly, about 75 per cent of online users are between the age group of 15-34 years since India is one of the youngest demographies globally. "This is expected to be a continuing trend in coming years, given the age distribution in India", said DS Rawat, ASSOCHAM Secretary General. It is not surprising to see the growth among categories focused on younger audiences in the last 12 months, added the paper.The maximum online shoppers are from the 15-24 years of age group, comprising both of males and females.
Online travel has seen growth across all subcategories including car rentals, airlines, hotels and travel review and information sites. The top 10 sites among the travel category show a good mix of travel options as well as information. Users are seeking information on travel options on a regular basis, with the Railways being the largest target . One out of every 5 online users in India visits the Indian Railways site.
Retail category penetration has increased to 65 million unique visitors a month registering an annual growth of 55 per cent. The growth has come across all retail categories and most of them show promising transactions and conversion rates along with growth in visitors. Apparel has been the fastest growing subcategory in retail and reaches 24 per cent online users.
Increasing internet and mobile penetration, growing acceptability of online payments and favourable demographics has provided the e-commerce sector in India the unique opportunity to companies connect with their customers, it said. Branded apparel, accessories, jewellery, gifts, footwear among the major hits on the e-commerce shopping, which is moving up fast on the mobile phones applications.
In India roughly 60-65 per cent of the total e-commerce sales are being generated by mobile devices and tablets Shopping online through smartphones is proving to be a game changer, and industry leaders believe that m-commerce could contribute up to 70 per cent of their e-commerce revenues. The increasing mobile internet penetration in rural India is coming as a booster for the e-commerce industry.