Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), in collaboration with agricultural universities in Afghanistan and Nepal, has started providing advanced training and research to Afghanistan and Nepal.
IARAI had recently launched a soil testing device which can check the fertility of the soil for better fertilizer recommendations. The device is programmed to provide fertilizer recommendation for the crops. In Afghanistan, 75 percent of the population is dependent on agriculture for earning their livelihood. Agriculture accounts for 25 percent in Gross domestic product of the country. IARI is giving special emphasis to Afghanistan and is helping the country by setting up an Agricultural Institute in Kandahar Province.
A statement by IARI says, "Afghanistan has arid climate; they have more plantations, food crops and dry fruits. There is lot of scope for agricultural growth in Afghanistan and when we talk about agriculture soil science and providing soil testing service and we talk about providing soil testing service for Afghanistan."
The institute also helps Nepal in soil testing. However, the focus has been to set up an infrastructure inside the Himalayan country to make the research more effective. India has gifted a soil testing mobile van to Nepali farmers as they will not be able to get their soil tested for nutrient deficiencies and fertilizer requirements at their doorsteps.