According to the Third Advance Estimates of production recently released by the Agriculture ministry, horticulture production is expected to be around 283.36 million tonnes during 2015-16- bumper crop year. The production comes in year which also saw normal rains after witnessing drought in as many as 11 states earlier. The production is expected to nearly 1 percent higher than previous year. The final production in 2014-15 was nearly 280.9 million tonnes.
The Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has released the Third Advance Estimates for 2015-16 of area and production of horticulture crops. These estimates are based on the information received from different State/UTs in the country. The total production of the Horticulture crops in the country is estimated to be around 283.36 million tonnes during 2015-16.
According to the Department, the total horticulture production of the country is estimated to be around 283 million tonnes during 2015-16 which is 0.8 percent higher than the previous year. Production of fruits is estimated to be 91 million tonnes which is 2 percent higher than previous year.
As per the third advance estimates, production of vegetables is expected to be around 167 million tonnes which is almost same as the previous year.and production of spices is estimated to be around 6 million tonnes which is 4 percent higher than the previous year.
The Department said that production of onion is estimated to be around 210 lakh tonnes which is 11 percent higher than the previous year.Production of potato is estimated to be around 437 lakh tonnes which is 9 percent lower than the previous year.
Production of tomato is also higher and estimated to be around 184 lakh tonnes which is about 12 percent higher than the previous year.
Further, 2015-16 marks the fourth straight year that India’s horticulture production will outstrip foodgrains output—horticulture contributes over a third to India’s total agriculture production now—underlining a structural change underway in Indian agriculture. Estimates show that in 2015-16, horticulture production exceeded foodgrains output by over 30 million tonnes. In 2012-13, the difference was just 11.3 million tonnes.
The fact that horticulture crops are grown in less than 5 percent of the country’s gross cropped area, compared to over 63 percent of the area used to grow foodgrains, further shows the success of small and marginal farmers growing fruits and vegetables. According the department area under increased to 23787000 hectare in 2015-16 from 23410000 hectare in 2014-15.
The numbers show that majority of area under tomatoes potatoes have access to irrigation. Eight vegetables that make up 74% of the total vegetable production in the country have 73 percent access to irrigation.
Schemes like the National Horticulture Mission launched in 2005-06 played a pivotal role in aggressively pushing production of fruits and vegetables across states.