Goats have been used as a source of meat and milk since the earliest days of recording history. Goats are widely reared throughout the world. They thrive and reproduce in tropical or cold climates and in humid as well as dry climates. The fact that goats are comparatively small animal and cost little for maintenance has led goat farming to be a popular income generation activity.
The initiative has been taken in ten villages of Newai block in Tonk district. The project is being run through the Laxmi Nidhi Primary Women Multipurpose Cooperative Society, a self-governed society, which has distributed 220 goats and 30 bucks till date to the women in the villages. The society activists have also carried out plantation of Ardu plant at the boundaries of the fields as a very nutritious goat fodder, to keep an eye on the uncontrolled grazing done by goats.TheKumarappa Gram Swaraj Sansthan’s Project Director, Dr. Amit Kumar, said that the women’s cooperative society was provided with funds by Tata Dorbaji Trust of Mumbai for the goat rearing project in which the women were provided with money at low interest rate.
A case in point is that of Sita Devi who bought a goat along with a lamb from the animal market from the money provided to her by the women cooperative society, with the proper knowledge at her disposal. Equipped with enough knowledge to take better care of her investment, she paid special attention to the health of goat and ensured its timely vaccination. With proper maintenance the goat started giving 1.25 litres milk per day.
With the help of the Kumarappa Sansthan, the goat was fertilized by a Sirohi breed buck available within the village and it gave birth to two female and one male kids. In about a year, Sita Devi has increased her small animal stock from one goat and two kids to two goats, one male kid and four female kids. She also earned a good amount of money within 14 months.
Sita Devi is very grateful to Kumarappa Sansthan which provided her with proper knowledge of goat rearing and finance at the time of need. Usually due to lack of proper knowledge of goat rearing and unavailability of the buck, most village goat owners are able to get their goats fertilized once in a year, among which mortality rate was high.Dr. Kumar pointed out that the good quality breed goat and buck ensure less mortality rate of the infants and give profits to the goat rearers. The project has since been expanded and is benefiting a large number of people in the villages such as Sakatpura, Higotia, Chikana, Badodia and Hamidpura in the region.