The poor monsoon during Kharif season 2015 in the absence of appropriate weather contingency plans resulted into crop failure in many parts of the country. It is likely to hit the estimated foodgrain production in 2015-16.
As per the 2nd Advance Estimates of production of major crops of Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, the foodgrain production is likely to be 253.16 million tonnes, slightly higher than 252.02 million tonnes of 2014-15. However, it is far below from all time high 265 million tonnes of 2013-14 and 257 million tonnes of 2012-13.
As per the Ministry’s figures, total production of rice during 2015-16 is estimated at 103.61 million tonnes, which is lower than its production of 105.48 million tonnes during 2014-15 and 106.54 million tonnes of 2013-14. The production of wheat is estimated at 93.82 million tonnes which is higher than the production of 86.53 million tonnes during 2014-15, but lower than 95.91 million tonnes of 2013-14.
Total production of coarse cereals is estimated at 38.40 million tonnes which is lower as compared to their production of 42.86 million tonnes during 2014-15 and 43.05 million tonnes of 2013-14. Total pulses production of 17.33 million tonnes during 2015-16 is estimated to be marginally higher than the previous year’s production of 17.15 million tonnes, but lower than 19.27 million tonnes of 2013-14.
With a decline of 1.17 million tonnes over the previous year’s production, total oilseeds production in the country during 2015-16 is estimated at 26.34 million tonnes. It’s 6.53 million tonnes lesser than 32.87 million tonnes of 2013-14.
The production of sugarcane is estimated at 346.39 million tonnes, which is lower by 15.95 million tonnes than its production during 2014-15 and 3.63 million tonnes lower than the production of 2013-14.