Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today”, these words of American human rights activists, Malcolm X will remain significant in a thriving society. And therefore, as a nation, while learning we also need to learn what opportunities do we have to get us educated to get the “passport to the future.
About Samagra Shiksha Yojana
Taking this forward, today we are talking about the Government of India’s flagship education scheme, Samagra Shiksha. Launched across India in 2018-19, the scheme is an integrated scheme for school education. The scheme was formulated by merging previous Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (for primary education), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (for senior secondary education) and Teacher Education (for in-service teachers’ training). With a focus on ensuring inclusive and equitable education to every kid, all components of pre-school to senior secondary have been incorporated into the one umbrella scheme, Samagra Shiksha. The programme envisages the ‘school’ as a continuum from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary to senior secondary levels.
The scheme envisages, universal access including infrastructure development in the rural areas; bringing gender equality; promoting inclusive education; quality of education; financial support for teachers’ salary; digital initiatives; entitlements under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 including uniforms and textbooks; pre-school education; vocational education; sports and physical education; strengthening teacher education and training; along with monitoring the scheme.
Salient features of Samagra Shiksha
The scheme universalises access to quality school education by expansion of schooling facilities in the uncovered areas through up-gradation of schools up-to senior secondary level. It ensures availability of adequate infrastructure to ensure that schools conform to the prescribed norms.
It envisages up-gradation of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs for girls) from class 6-8 to class 6-12. It focuses strengthening teacher education institutions like State Councils of Educational Research and Training, (SCERTs) and District Institutes for Education and Training (DIETs) to improve the quality of teachers. SSA facilitates enhanced application of digital technology in education through smart classrooms, digital boards and DTH channels. The scheme supports states and union territories to implement provisions of Right to Education (RTE) Act. The scheme funds for setting up of residential schools and hostels for difficult areas and for children with difficult circumstances.
The scheme envisages to give impetus on special focus districts, educationally backward blocks (EEBs), left wing extremism (LWE) affected districts.
Annual Grants under Samagra Shiksha
|Strengthening libraries||Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 20,000 per school|
|Composite school grant||Rs. 25,000 to Rs 100,000
(On the basis of school enrolment)
(for primary schools)
|Rs. 5,000 per school|
(for upper primary schools)
|Rs. 10,000 per school|
|Sports equipments (for secondary and
senior secondary schools
|Rs. 25,000 per school|
|Children with Special Needs (CwSN)||Rs. 3,500 per child|
|Uniforms||Rs. 600 per child|
|Textbooks||Rs. 250 to 400 per child|
Under the scheme, the Government of India has targeted to establish over two lakh primary and 1.59 lakh upper primary schools across the country. In addition to regular schools, 1,020 residential facilities with sanctioned capacity of 108,275 has been sanctioned to the states. It includes 333 residential schools and 687 hostels attached with existing schools for children living in rural and sparsely populated area and deprived children in the urban areas. These residential facilities are in addition to 5,970 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) with a total capacity of 7.25 lakh girls have also been sanctioned to the states for improving access to marginalised girls.