The Government of India has taken several measures for proper use of pesticides by the farmers. The pesticide residue data generated under the ‘Monitoring of Pesticide Residues at National Level’, are shared with State governments and concerned ministries and organisations to initiate the corrective action for judicious and proper use of pesticides on crops with an Integrated Pest Management approach and to generate awareness amongst farmers.
Department of Agriculture, Co-Operation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) emphasises Integrated Pest Management (IPM) which promotes biological, cultural and mechanical methods of pest and advocates need based, judicious use of pesticides. DAC&FW is implementing a scheme ‘Strengthening and Modernization of Pest Management Approach in India’ to promote Integrated Pest Management (IPM). It is an environment friendly broad ecological approach for managing pest problems. It encompasses pest control techniques such as cultural, mechanical and biological with minimum dependence on chemical pesticides.
The DAC&FW has done human resource development in IPM by imparting training to agriculture, horticulture extension officers and farmers at grassroot level by organising Farmers Fields Schools (FFSs) and Seasonal Long Training Programmes (SLTPs). The DAC&FW has established 35 Central IPM Centers in various states to promote IPM strategies. The is also providing, grant-in-aid to the States for establishment and strengthening of State Biocontrol Laboratories. A total of 313 SBCLs have been established across the country.
The DAC&FW has initiated ‘Grow Safe food’ campaign to create awareness about the safe and judicious use of pesticides among the various stakeholders. In addition to the above, DAC&FW has revised 68 IPM packages of practices for major crops giving impetus to ecological and cultural techniques of pest management.