Indian agriculture sector faces issues in customised technology and implementation of the policy reforms at ground level, especially at the state level, said, Prof Ramesh Chand, Member, NITI Aayog, today at the release of ‘India Commodity Year Book 2020 & Discussion on Union Budget Announcements for Agriculture Sector.’
“Technology is the prime mover and India is facing serious problems both in terms of technology and policy reforms.” He further added that at the state level various laws like Model APLM Act [Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing (Promotion & Facilitation) Act], Model Agricultural Land leasing Act and contract farming needs to be further pushed, Prof. Chand said.
He further said that the states should be encouraged to play an active role in the overall growth of the agriculture sector and emphasised on the need for private sector to come forward.
“We need to give the right role to right people and institutions. Market and the private people are the right people to pay competitive prices to farmers and we should remove hurdles which come in the way of the market,” said Prof Chand.
He said that private sector should play their due role and market should play its due role in agriculture sector. “Most of the problems of agriculture sector are not inherent to agriculture in India but due to the reason of not changing the regulations which needs to change from time to time,” said Prof Chand.
He said that for the first time the 15th Finance Commission has included a provision to give performance linked grants to states to undertake some agricultural reform. “The Commission has included reform in agriculture sector among the top five areas for which next year states will be provided with incentives,” said Prof Chand.
He added that agriculture sector is witnessing the growth but with an increase in cost of production and it is one of the reasons why we are losing on export competitiveness. “When you increase the yield average cost of production increases and when this increase, obviously farmers will start asking for higher and higher prices. This factor has started affecting the Indian agriculture sector,” Prof Chand said.
TR Kesavan, Chairman, FICCI National Agriculture Committee & Group President, Tractors and Farm Equipment (TAFE) said, “In order to meet the requirements of increasing population, we need to produce more and reduce the wastage. If we can save what we have and the need to produce higher will also start coming down.”
Speaking on the occasion, Siraj Chaudhry, Co-Chair, FICCI National Agriculture Committee and MD & CEO, National Collateral Management Services Limited (NCML) said, “In India, the problems are different at different parts of the country and the solutions cannot be one or few changes. Every region’s problem needs to be addressed differently.”
‘India Commodity Year Book 2020’ was also released in the event. Sanjeev Kumar Chadha, MD, National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED) and Sanjay Kaul, Chairman, NCML, were also the speakers in the event.