With the growing needs and wants the wages the rural worker’s draw is not sufficient enough for sustainability.Be it tea-garden workers to coffee beans collectors the struggle has been huge and unresolved.The rural sector income is thus creating huge differences compared to the urban results slow development of the nation as a whole,
Talking about the issues related to the coffee beans collector have resulted in a very low daily wages and also effecting the fungus (Hemileia vastatrix) that causes coffee leaf rust infected the farm.
“There is less coffee to pick, and in the end there is less money for us,” lamented Sunil Das, one of 30 people working in the harvest in the farm. The parasitic fungus feeds off the leaves of the plants, infecting them with yellow and brown spots. The leaves fall off and the beans are unable to mature.
Coffee production generates some 150,000 direct jobs and 500,000 indirect jobs, according to the report “Coffee Cultivation in El Salvador 2013”, drawn up by the governmental Salvadoran Coffee Council (CSC). Between 1995 and 2012, coffee represented 7.5 percent of the country’s total exports.
The fungus threatens to further impoverish the rural areas, where 36 percent of households already live in poverty, according to the government’s Multiple-Purpose Households Survey 2013.In the period in question, the total payments to temporary harvest workers dropped from 21.6 million dollars to 8.7 million dollars.Production rallied somewhat during the 2014-2015 harvest, to 925,000 quintals.
The CSC’s forecast for the 2015-2016 harvest is 998,000 quintals – still below the output obtained prior to the outbreak.“Without a harvest, these poor people don’t have work,” Manuel Morán, the foreman, told IPS.