In order to provide health and education services among the tribal population across India, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India has taken multi-purpose initiatives.
To overcome language barriers in learning amongst tribal children all Tribal Research Institutes have been funded to prepare bilingual primers – both in tribal and regional languages – which would be reproduced through Sarva Siksha Abhiyan. Odisha, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Maharashtra have already initiated this process.
Synchronisation of vacation with tribal festivals has been advocated to check drop out. To provide physical safety and quality education and its access, nearly 20,000 seats during FY 14-15, about 40,000 seats during CFY in hostel and residential school facility have been sanctioned. To make education relevant for the tribal children vocational training integrated with residential schools with one of the teachers acting as mentor-cum-counsellor.
Training of tribal girl and lady as Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) and their posting as Assistant Warden in girls hostel for girl safety and counselling been initiated. Every tribal area school without toilet targeted to have functional toilets with focus on girls toilets and funds provided for safety and inculcating hygiene and sanitation habits.
Increasing the number of scholarships for ST students in professional education and research from 667 to 1000 scholarships per year under the scheme of Top Class Education and from 625 to 750 fellowships per year for ST students under the National Fellowship Scheme.
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is responsible for overall development (including health and education) of people belonging to Scheduled Tribes and to protect their rights, preserve and promote their culture and heritage. It has gap filling role in the activities of various line ministries in the welfare of the tribal population and implement schemes through the State Governments and Union Territory Administrations or organisations recommended by the Multi-disciplinary State Level Committee of the concerned State Government or UT Administration.