In order to maintain the soil fertility and soil bio-diversity, the Indian Government is promoting safe and judicious use of pesticides through Central Integrated Pest Management Centres situated in various parts of the country. The Centre has conducted farmer’s field schools to create awareness on Integrated Pest Management strategies. The government is also urging the state governments and other stakeholders to support ‘Grow Safe Food’ campaign, focused on five essential principles of judicious application of pesticides on the right crop; against pests for which the pesticide has been approved, at the right time; in approved doses, and as per approved method of application through training and media campaigns in Gram Panchayats in rural areas. The Centre has sent advisories to pesticides dealers to educate them on judicious use of pesticides in accordance with label instructions.
Government is promoting and recommending soil test based balanced and integrated nutrient management through conjunctive use of both inorganic and organic sources of plant nutrient management to sustain good soil health and higher crop productivity.
Under soil health management (SHM) component of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), financial assistance for training to farmers including field demonstrations on balanced use of fertilisers is provided at Rs10,000 per training for 20 or more participants. Financial assistance for frontline field demonstrations is also provided at Rs 20,000 for frontline field demonstrations.
Under NMSA, there is a provision of financial assistance under Capital Investment Subsidy Scheme (CISS) through National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) for establishment of bio-fertiliser and biopesticides production units (200 TPA) in which 100 percent assistance is provided to State Government up to a maximum limit of Rs 160 lakh per unit and at 25 percent cost limited to Rs 40 lakh to individuals and private agencies.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Mohanbhai Kundaria in Rajya Sabha.