Union Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh said that the seed production system is very weak in Bihar and a new scheme will in place very soon. The new scheme will strengthen farmers’ participatory seed production system. He said that Rs 300 crore will go to seed production scheme.
Singh said that it is proposed to have 50 member farmers’ participatory seed production system involving 12500 farmers across the State of Bihar covering all districts. The location of the units is proposed in the State Seed Farms (SSF) across the State. Bihar is having 244 State Seed Farms. Out of this 7 SSF are having more than 50 ha. land. While selecting the location, it should not be vulnerable to flood (based on data of Kosi Flood and other flood years) and the land/location should be in the elevated higher land, so that threat of flood damage be avoided seed units, he added.
Through the farmers participatory seed production, the newly released varieties and the latest technology will be disseminated to the farmers of Bihar through the scientist of Agriculture Universities.
It is expected from each unit minimum 2000 tons of seed is proposed to be produced and total of 10 lakh qtls. Seed would be produced and distributed to farmers of Bihar. Neighbouring Jharkhand farmers will be provided seed, in case of surplus production. The productivity of crops will be enhanced over the years.
“As the Submission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP) is having insufficient funds, it is proposed to provide this funds from a special package for the state as a special case in the interest of the 10 crores people of Bihar. Seeds is the critical inputs for enhancing the productivity, hence efforts are essential in ensuring their timely available,” Singh said.
Seeds is the critical inputs for enhancing the productivity, hence efforts are essential in ensuring their timely available.The MID-TERM Appraisal of XIIth Plan said that the participatory seed production programme with adequate pricing and marketing facilitation is required to infuse new varieties in the seed chain.
In Bihar the productivity of Rice is 1753 kg/ha in 2013-14 against the national average of 2416 kg/ha. And 3943 kg/ha. In Punjab. In case of Wheat, the productivity of Bihar is 2427 kg/ha against the National average of 3123 kg/ha. And 4710 kg/ha. In Haryana. In Maize, the productivity in Bihar is 3287 kg/ha. Against the highest productivity 4745 kg/ha. In Tamilnadu. In Ragi, the productivity in Bihar is 900 kg/ha. against the highest productivity achieved in Tamilnadu 2360 kg/ha. Even though Bihar is in the Indo-Gangetic plain, the production of crops is well below its potential yield when compared to Punjab & Haryana. The seed production system is very weak in Bihar. During Rabi 2014-15 the certified seed production and availability by State Seed Corporation is only 126153 qtls. (12 percent) and State agency 78470 qtls (7.46 percent) against the State requirement of 1050860 qtls.
Similarly during Kharif-2015, the certified seed production and availability of State Seed Corporation is 64454 qtls. (15.64 percent) and State agency 5000 qtls. (1.21 percent) against the State requirement of 3,33,965 qtls. The State is not all producing the seeds of Maize, Arhar, Moong, Urd, Dhaincha even though the State have huge technical manpower in State Department of Agriculture and State Agriculture University.