In order to provide regular financial assistance to the farmers, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PM Kisan) on February 24, 2019. The scheme envisages transferring Rs 6,000 per annum directly to the farmers’ bank accounts through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) in three instalments of Rs 2,000 each. The scheme was announced in the interim Budget 2019-20 on February 1, 2019 in the Lok Sabha.
Objectives of PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana
The PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PM Kisan) aims to supplement the financial needs of the small and marginal farmers in procuring various farm inputs to ensure proper crop health and appropriate yields, commensurate with the anticipated farm income at the end of the each crop cycle. The scheme aims to protect them from falling in the traps of moneylenders for meeting such expenses and ensure their continuance in the farming activities.
The scheme aims to uplift the lives of small and marginal farmers in India by providing them assured monetary support in three instalments every year. In the long run, the scheme is expected to address farmer migration and improve crop intensity.
The scheme was started with a view to augment the income of the farmers by providing income support to all landholding farmers’ families across the country, to enable them to take care of expenses related to agriculture and allied activities as well as their household needs.
Eligibility Criteria for PM Kisan Samman Nidhi
Small and marginal farmers having lesser than two hectare landholding who account for over 83 percent of the total farming households are eligible and can get benefited from the scheme, subject to certain exclusion criteria relating to higher household incomes.
The scheme initially provided income support to all small and marginal farmers’ families across India, holding cultivable land upto two hectares. Its ambit was later expanded from June 01, 2019 to cover all farmer families in the country irrespective of the size of their land holdings. Affluent farmers have been excluded from the scheme such as Income Tax payers, professionals like doctors, engineers, lawyers, chartered accountants along with pensioners drawing at least Rs.10,000 per month. Special provisions have been made for the north-eastern states where land ownership rights are community based, forest dwellers and Jharkhand, which does not have updated land records and restrictions on transfer of land.
Funding & Implementation of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi
PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana is a Central sector scheme with 100 percent funding from government of India. The states and union territories are responsible for identifying the beneficiary farmer families which are eligible for support as per scheme guidelines. With an annual outlay of Rs 75,000 crore, the scheme is expected to benefit 14 crore small and marginal farmers every year on the basis of the Agriculture Census, 2015-16. According to Government of India, in the first year of implementation, the scheme benefited 8.46 crore farmers.
The Centre has launched an exclusive web-portal www.pmkisan.gov.in for the scheme. The financial benefits are released to the beneficiaries on the basis of the data of farmers prepared and uploaded by them on the PM Kisan web-portal.
How to Get Enrolled in PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme?
For enrolment, the farmers are required to approach the local patwari, revenue officer, nodal officer (PM Kisan) nominated by the state governments. Farmers can also do their self-registration through the Farmers Corner in the PM Kisan portal. Farmers can also edit their names in PM Kisan database as per their Aadhaar database in the portal. Farmers can also know the status of their payment through the Farmers Corner in the portal. Village-wise details of beneficiaries are also available on the portal.
The Centre has also authorised the gram panchayat level Common Service Centres (CSCs) to conduct registration of the farmers for the PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana upon payment of fees. The facilities on Farmers Corner are also available through CSCs. Beneficiaries are entitled to receive their benefits from the 4-monthly period in which their name is registered by the State Nodal Officer (SNO) in the PM Kisan portal. The Union Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare has also launched a 24×7 automated Interactive Voice Response System (IVRS) based helpline for status verification. Farmers can dial 1800-11-5526 or 155261 to know the status of their application. Besides, farmers can now reach out to the PM Kisan team on email firstname.lastname@example.org. The state governments are organising camps periodically for the farmers to facilitate correction of application details.
Monitoring PM Kisan Scheme
A comprehensive monitoring mechanism has been put in place for effective implementation of the scheme. At the Centre, a high level committee, comprising Union Ministers of Finance, Agriculture and Rural Development make necessary modifications in the scheme. A review committee at the national level under the chairmanship of Cabinet Secretary with secretaries of Department of Expenditure (DEA), Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW), Land Resources and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeITY) as members periodically reviews and monitors implementation of the scheme.
The Central Project Monitoring Unit (PMU) under joint secretary-level CEO monitors implementation and publicity of the scheme. At the states and UTs level, nodal department and PMUs constantly monitor implementation of the scheme.
Key Points of PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana
|Scheme||प्रधानमंत्री किसान सम्मान निधि योजना|
|Introduced by||PM Narendra Modi|
|Ministry||Ministry Farmer welfare|