For bringing the second Green Revolution in the country, students trained in agriculture will have to come to forefront and devote their knowledge and skills to agriculture and farmers’ welfare, Radha Mohan Singh, Union Minster of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare said while addressing the 55th Convocation of ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute in New Delhi, today.
Singh said that due to the presence of Pusa Institute in Delhi, there has been continuous development of agriculture in the adjoining states like Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh. Two more Indian Agricultural Research Institutes (IARI) were set up in Assam and Jharkhand. These institutes tremendously contribute in holistic development of agriculture in the country, the Minister added.
Singh said that with cultivation of wheat varieties developed by Indian Agricultural Research Institute in 10 million hectares, 50 million tonnes of wheat were being produced. The contribution of Basmati rice contributes about 22 thousand crore in agricultural export exchequer of about 1 lakh crore rupees and in this, the contribution of Basmati varieties developed by Pusa Institute is about 90 percent.
During 2016, IARI has released 11 varieties of different field crops such as rice, wheat, mustard and pulses. Pusa Double Zero Mustard 31, a canola quality mustard, developed by the institute, is the first variety of high quality in the country having less than 2 percent Erucic acid and less than 30ppm glucosinolates found in oil-cake, which is conducive for human and animal health. He raised the hope that a state-of-art automated phenomics facility established by IARI would be useful to study the environmental stress. He said that this facility would be used in developing plants from which higher yield could be secured with less use of water and fertilizers.
Singh said that ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), Pusa has developed an innovative, eco-friendly and cost-effective wastewater treatment technology through which waste water can be easily made pollution free and useful for irrigation purpose with less than 1 percent energy and less than 50-60 percent investment and operational cost. The Minister expressed confidence that this technology would be effective in checking the shortage of water and pollution of soil, ground water and food due to wastewater in future.
Agriculture Minister said that the NDA government has initiated a number of agricultural and farmers’ welfare schemes which would strengthen rural livelihood security besides promotion of food production. Prime Minister Crop Insurance Scheme, Prime Minister Agricultural Irrigation Scheme, Farm Mechanization Mission, National Agricultural Marketing, Rural Storage Scheme and Soil Health Card Scheme, are among the schemes. He said that these schemes would be prove helpful in doubling the income of farmers.
The Minister also emphasised on active participation of scientists from Agri institutes in the “Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav” program and IARI itself has selected about 600 villages to spread the awareness in farmers for newly developed technologies and varieties.
He informed that 3rd December will be celebrated every year as Agriculture Education Day in honor of Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
Singh announced during the 55th convocation of IARI that one Ph.D. student from North Eastern India will be awarded a gold medal every year to promote the agriculture in North East India. This year Sujan Majoomdar was awarded with the gold medal.