Prevention of Swine Flu mainly involves implementation of respiratory hygiene, cough etiquette and hand hygiene, said Padma Shri Awardee Dr KK Aggarwal, Secretary General Indian Medical Association and President, Heart Care Foundation of India. Respiratory hygiene involves maintaining a distance of at least 3 feet from the person who is coughing and sneezing.
Cough etiquette involves covering the mouth and nose with a tissue when one coughs and sneezes and puts the used tissue in a waste basket. If the person does not have a tissue, he should cough and sneeze into the upper sleeves and not hands or handkerchief.
Frequently, hand hygiene should be performed including before and after every patient contact; contact with potential infectious material and before putting on and after taking of personal protective equipment including gloves. Hand hygiene can be performed by washing with soap and water or by using alcohol-based hand rubs. If hands are visibly soiled they should be washed with soap and water.
In a recent study conducted by Heart Care Foundation of India, involving 63 schools both Public and Govt., involving 6047 students (2817 Girls and 3230 Boys), 76 percent of the students (4576) did not know about cough etiquette role in prevention of flu. They answered that the best way to cough was either in the hands or in the handkerchief. The need of the hour is to educate the schools, added Dr Aggarwal.