According to a report by the Union Ministry of Rural Development on Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), out of 249,542 gram panchayats, 33,670 panchayats did not provide any job to any worker, during the year 2014-15. These 33,670 panchayats are mostly in Maharashtra, Punjab, Gujarat, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand.
The MGNREGA mandates 100 days of employment in a financial year to at least one member of each rural household.
The north eastern state, Tripura maintained its top position for the sixth consecutive year by providing 88 person-days rural jobs per household under the job guarantee scheme during the period against national average of 40 person-days.
According to the report, Maharashtra came second with 53 person-days per household, followed by Andhra Pradesh with 47 person-days, Rajasthan with 45.71 and Meghalaya with 46.42 person-days.
"Tripura has been providing the highest average employment for the past six years under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme," Naresh Jamatia, Minister for Rural Development, Tripura informed reporters in Agartala.
The minister said the central government at a very short notice from April 1, introduced the Public Financial Management System (PFMS) to make the monetary system — from fund allocation by the union and state governments to payment to labourers revoking the previous e-FMS (Electronic Fund Management System).
"Though both the systems are transparent, hassle and error-free and paperless besides eliminating administrative delays and we support the new system too, the PFMS was introduced in less than a week’s notice, creating problems in some blocks to disburse the wage payments to the workers," Jamatia added.
Tripura is providing wages to the MGNREGA workers at their doorstep through business correspondents engaged by various nationalised and regional rural banks, he said.
Besides providing rural jobs, the MGNREGA has created rural assets that include household latrines, drinking water sources, rural road connectivity, livestock promotion, pisciculture, watershed management and afforestation, securing livelihood activities.