The recent study reveals that in India 85% of rural women are engaged in agriculture, yet only about 13% own land. In Bihar, situation is worst as only 7% women have land rights. Bihar, incidentally, has 75% population dependent on agriculture.
As per the recent study done by Landesa and Oxfam in 24 villages of Madhepura and Supaul districts in the state indicates that when a woman becomes widow, very often she is dispossessed of her property.
The researchers say, it is in stark contrast to Hindu Succession Act 1956 (amended in 2005) (HSSA), which makes women equally entitled to land as men. This study was also simultaneously conducted in Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
According to the Bihar Land Mutation Act 2011, mutation involves altering entries in the ‘khatiyan’ and ‘khasra’ register for the transfer of holding rights.